Deaths from dating violence
Everytown obtained data directly from the Florida Department of Law Enforcement.Women killed by former dating partners (as opposed to current dating partners) are not categorized in the Florida data and are not included.Of the 175,703 firearm deaths in the US from 2012 to 2016 (the most recent five years of data available), 108,183 (or 62 percent) were suicides.To calculate this total, Everytown relies on CDC data regarding fatal injury by intent.Everytown tracks unintentional shootings involving children, which occur every 34 hours, on average.Federal Bureau of Investigation, Supplementary Homicide Reports, 2010-14, available at Vxm4K.James Alan Fox, “Missing Data Problems in the SHR: Imputing Offender and Relationship Characteristics,” Homicide Studies 8, no.214 (2004); and Catherine Barber and David Hemenway, “Underestimates of Unintentional Firearm Fatalities: Comparing Supplementary Homicide Report Data with the National Vital Statistics System,” Injury Prevention 8 (2002).
These victims were killed by acquaintances, partners and strangers, some of whom have been arrested and charged, while others have yet to be identified.
This makes it unsuitable for measuring gun violence between people of certain relationships.
In contrast, the FBI’s Supplementary Homicide Reports (SHR) include details on the perpetrator and weapon but are more likely to be missing records because the FBI relies on police departments to voluntarily submit their homicide data on an annual basis.
The number of Americans injured with firearms dwarfs the number who are killed, although data to measure non-fatal shootings are less reliable.
The CDC’s National Electronic Injury Surveillance System estimates the number of annual non-fatal firearm injuries based on reports from a sample of hospital emergency departments: over the last five years, there were more than 200 non-fatal firearm injuries each day.According to a study by the Department of Justice, between 19, federal, state, and local agencies conducted background checks on more than 180 million firearm applications and denied 2.82 million gun sales to prohibited purchasers. Though majority of the transactions and denials reported by FBI and BJS are associated with a firearm sale or transfer, a small number may be for concealed carry permits and other reasons not related to a sale or transfer.